Essilor Lenses: lenses for prescription glasses.
Essilor lenses with UV Protection · fog resistance · blue light protection · smudge resistance · scratch resistance · clear vision · close up vision · distance vision · Lenses for extreme conditions · Lenses for indoor and outdoor
We can explain all lens options including Essilor lenses for children and adults
The Varilux X lens resulted from continuous refinement since 1959 of the first version of the progressive lens (also called multifocal) to correct presbyopia now with more than 50 patents for cutting-edge progressive lens technology as a world leader.
Despite poor medicare rebates and some poor rebates from some private health insurers, and the plethora of advertising (lower-cost products claiming to be the complete solution for all) that concentrate on price, many patients find investing more complex and quality eyewear is worthwhile.
The in-store experience in the low-cost advertising store that attracts some people is one where alternative premium offerings are generally recommended way beyond the advertised claims and are generally in line with independents as far as price is concerned. The adage compares apples with apples applies as not all lenses and frames are the same.
Their Essilor Vision Institute has enabled multifocal lenses to be more readily adopted than bifocal lenses.
The Silmo d’Or ( Salon Mondial de l’Optique 2017 (SILMO) ) award-winning Varilux X series progressive lenses meet the visual needs of today’s highly connected generation X presbyopes.
The VisiOffice system precisely measures many aspects of your eyeglasses in an as worn position that can influence the success of your prescription. Visual performance can suffer greatly due to inaccurate centration. Wearer studies mean much Essilor can gather statistical information to refine and improve the lens designs. We can also help choose frames and the right lenses and learn all about lenses, your vision, and what activities need a special vision for the stages of your life.
Customisation levels :
Level 1 Tilt, wrap, BVD.
Level 2 adding dominant eye, optional progression length
Level 3 adding centre of rotation, reading distance
Level 4 adding near-vision behaviour
Often inferior designs and poor centration are often at the root of poor optical performance. Frame size depth and width and bridge design will all affect the positioning of the lens to the eye. All spectacle frames must be custom fitted to the wearer to accommodate their facial and head requirements. Most eyes should be situated in the top third of the frame for aesthetic balance and usability. This also allows the lens optical centre and the centre of rotation of the eyes to close. Very few people are perfectly symmetrical. The correctly adjusted fitted frame will sit comfortably and should never create pressure. It should only create friction which will stop it from slipping and sliding forward so fitting lens or frame measurements can be reliably taken.
Using the Visioffice, we know the position of the COR and with the position of the corneal Purkinje images calculations such as the far point sphere (FPS) for the patient’s eyes so developed optical designs can then be recalculated according to the FPS of the patient’s eye and other wearer parameters, even for squint conditions.
This can manifest particularly with contrast sensitivity function for the wearer and larger clearer optical zones. For the customised lenses, all measurements for both eyes are required even if only one lens was to be replaced as the lenses take into account binocular vision to ensure the lenses are balanced correctly.
The spectacle frame has to be tailored to fit the individual.
- Correct Frame front alignment including:
- In horizontal alignment, the frame must sit level on the face
- Bridge fit needs to sit comfortably, sharing the weight evenly across the nose.
- Face form angle to ensure each rim is equidistant from the eyes.
- Correct Pantoscopic angle for the face
- Avoid the rims touching brows and cheeks
- Correct Side width
- Avoid touching the sides of your face/head until just in front of your ears. The frame sides should not touch or rest and never press against the side of the head.
- Correct Side bow
- Sides should have a slight bow near the ears following the contour of the head at this point.
- Correct Length to bend
- Side’s turn down (hockey bend) about 2 mm behind the root of the ear.
- Correct Anatomical bend
- This needs to have the appropriate turn into the side of the head behind the ears (to create friction, NOT pressure), and the temple end should follow the contour of the mastoid area to allow it to rest gently there, distributing the weight evenly over these undulations.
Higher-order aberrations (HOA) could account for 20% of the clarity of our vision – with 5% influence due to the tear film constantly shifting
Aberrometers have evolved and measure HOA’s in one direction of gaze, but the eye will rotate behind the lens surface, so the centre of rotation needs to be measured for the particular eye. The most advanced optical labs work with designs based on the wavefront exiting, e.g. on the back surface of a progressive lens (using adaptive optics calculations) involving a pupil map – measuring the size of the pupil according to Rx, age (add), near distance and light conditions with the pupil sizes being plotted across the lens surface. Peripheral vision is compromised with a variety of lens forms which is improved by better lenses. Optimised progressive lenses use default measurements that consider how the frame might sit on the patient’s face.
Personalised lenses incorporate specific measurements such as facial dimensions, back vertex distance, pantoscopic tilt and facial wrap of the frames. This changes the effect of the prescription by adapting the lens design and matching the prescription from its written form to the as-worn position on the face.
Computer Numerical Control (CNC) technology in the manufacturing process has been the key to producing highly accurate lens designs, known as digital or freeform surfaced progressive lenses.
Traditionally, lenses were designed with the power of progression on the front of the lens; however, the advent of digital and freeform surfacing has allowed this also to be done on the back. This has advantages of a wider field of view. Some lens companies have 1000 or more individual value points on a lens, essentially like 1000 individual tiny lenses in one lens.
Essilor’s Varilux range of lenses, spearheaded by the Varilux X Series, encompass more than 50 patents, with each lens incorporating up to 30 patents alone. In the traditional surfacing process, the back of the lens was cut using two curves to produce the sphere, cylinder and axis of the prescription. Once completed, the rough surface was “fined” and “polished” using a metal tool to match the two curves. Specific pads on the tools removed the roughness before making the lens transparent.
Today’s more advanced digital surfacing process allows the back of the lens to take any form, such as an aspheric design or progressive surface. Manufacturers can also use this complex surface to overcome the shortcomings of the base curve, regardless of whether it is a simple or more complex front surface. The surface is cut with a precision diamond tool. The design is a computer file and is generated for each lens via complex calculation software, which can take into account new parameters such as the frame tilt, wrap and back vertex distance and other information added into the calculations. The surface is cut so finely that the only additional process is called ‘soft polishing’ – a gentle polishing that removes just enough material to make the lens transparent without impacting the complex surface that has just been cut. There are many tiers of quality over a broad range of price points.
Quality depends on
• The machinery involved to manufacture highly accurate lens surfaces.
• The process, including the operating procedures, software system, calculation engine, consumables, experience and quality control.
• The design, capturing the latest innovation in the science of sight, the source of the optical benefits to the wearer.
Some Varilux products were worn by many thousands of people around the world in clinical trials before they went to market.
Reducing swim effects and broadening the field of vision are the most common issues optical engineers have been attempting to overcome
for decades. Essilor elevates its premium progressives, such as its top of the range Varilux Xclusiv, to the level of personalisation using an iPad app that simulates the way people read without using text. It involves the patient tracking a blue dot across the screen, while the iPad camera measures the downward gaze, offset from the centre and the reading distance. It also factors in the patient’s visual behaviour. At one extreme, keeping their eyes still and tracking with their head or, at the other, keeping their head still and tracking with their eyes – and all the combinations in between.
From this personal data, the design of the lens is modified to shift their volume of vision to exactly match their parameters.
All the below progressives are Digitally surfaced aspheric / atoric back surface and the moulds for any semi-finished; therefore, the front surface are digitally surfaced aspheric
• some out of range are done with conventional surfacing otherwise
• Back surface digital surfacing with both the Rx and the progressive surface on the back is done for Varilux Comfort
• Dual Surface – i.e. part of the progressive design is on the front and part is on the back – Vx Physio and Vx X series – a specific aspheric on the front and aspheric / atoric on the back.
Xclusive allows for a min fitting height of 14 mm and a max corridor length of 17mm in 0.1mm steps.
The heights and frame parameters are measured with natural posture adopted by the Visoffice2 technology. Then the length of progression and the inset are tailored in line with the prescription, the frame measurements and the fitting parameters.
The minimum progression length from Essilor and Nikon is 9mm and the max is 12mm – shorter than 9 creates issues with the intermediate, longer than 12 creates issues with finding the near.
Nikon defines their lengths in absolute terms i.e. the length to 100% of the add versus to 85% for Essilor lenses e.g. a Varilux X design short will be 9mm but an equivalent Nikon lens will be 12mm for the short version.
|Lens Design||Centration||Heights||Tilt and Wrap||Back Vertex distance||Head cape||Notes|
|XCLUSIVE||ERCD PD’s||ERCD Heights||√||√||√||Custom PAL Length, Dominant Eye, Near Vision Behaviour|
Nano-Optics, Synchron Eyes and Xtend Technology
|X FIT||ERCD PD’s||ERCD Heights||√||√||√||Optional length|
Nano-Optics, Synchron Eyes and Xtend Technology
|PHYSIO 3.0 FIT||ERCD PD’s||ERCD Heights||√||√||Binocular Booster Technology to prevent Image Jump and minimize Visual Distortion|
|PHYSIO F 360 NE||√||√||Allows for More Customization – Wrap, Tilt and BVD of the pioneering technology|
|PHYSIO NE||Improved Vision in Low Light design|
|COMFORT 3.0|| W.A.V.E front|
|STYLISTIC||Monocular||Monocular||√||√ with frame base curve|| W.A.V.E front|
The Varilux Xclusive uses the Near Vision Behaviour (NVB) App + Visioffice ERCD (eyecode) to personalise the lenses for the patient.
The Varilux Xtrack Fit uses the Eyeruler 2 to take Fit measurements and the Near Vision Behaviour (NVB) App to personalise the lenses for the patient.
The Varilux X4D uses the Visioffice to take the ERCD (centre of rotation of the eye) + dominant eye.
The X 3D is Fit measurements + dominant eye
The X Fit is fit measurements.
There are regular and short options of the Varilux X design, Varilux Physio 3.0 or Varilux Comfort
Varilux Xclusive 4D 17mm Personalised / Visioffice only: NVB (App Only), Eyecode data (Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights & Eye rotation centre
distance), Frame wrap, Pantoscopic tilt, Back Vertex Distance, Dominant Eye, Head cape & Head / Eye coefficient
Varilux Xtrack Fit 17mm Personalised: NVB (App Only), Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights, Frame wrap,
Pantoscopic tilt & Back Vertex Distance
Varilux X 4D 17mm Personalised / Visioffice only: Eyecode data (Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights & Eye rotation centre distance),
Frame wrap, Pantoscopic tilt, Back Vertex Distance, Dominant Eye, Head cape & Head / Eye coefficient
Varilux X 3D 17mm Personalised: Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights, Frame wrap, Pantoscopic tilt, Back Vertex Distance & Dominant Eye
Varilux X Fit 17mm Personalised: Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights, Frame wrap, Pantoscopic tilt & Back Vertex Distance
Varilux X Design Short 14mm Short corridor: Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Heights
Varilux X Design 17mm Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Height
Varilux Physio 3.0 17mm Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Heights
Varilux Physio 3.0 Short 14mm Short corridor: Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Heights
Varilux Physio 3.0 Fit 17mm Personalised: Monocular Pupillary Distances, Fitting Heights, Frame wrap, Pantoscopic tilt & Back Vertex Distance
Varilux Comfort 3.0 Standard 17mm corridor : Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Heights
Varilux Comfort 3.0 Short 14mm Short corridor: Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Height
Essilor Essentials Assent Standard 17mm Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Heights
Essilor Essentials Assent Short 14mm Short corridor: Monocular Pupillary Distances and Fitting Height
VARILUX X SERIES
Varilux progressive lenses have continuously been improved since first introduced in 1959. Seven generations followed, including Varilux 2 (1973) to Varilux Comfort (1993), Varilux Panamic (2000),
Varilux Physio (2006) and the Varilux S series (2012).
The 8th generation X series 2018 is a breakthrough. It has an expanded field of near vision that includes “arm’s-length” vision and the ability to customize the lens progression based on the wearer’s actually real-life near-vision behaviour.
The Varilux X series was found to benefit arm’s length vision or intermediate vision. The volume of vision offers user-friendly optical ranges allowing not just reading but multiple tasks in a near-intermediate distance between 40 and 70 cm and clear vision beyond those regions. Nano-Optics, Synchron Eyes and Xtend Technology provide accurate 3-dimensional measurements such as Pupillary Distances (Mono/Total), Fitting Heights, Natural Head Position (Head Cape), Eye Rotation Center, frame width, height, Pantoscopic Tilt, Wrap Angle, Vertex Distance, Leading Dominant Eye, Head/Eye Movement Ratio, Stability Coefficient and Reading Distance.
Our standard Rx will give us about 75% of the clarity we should have from our vision.
The challenge for optical designers is correcting for higher-order aberrations (including Coma, Spherical aberration and trefoil)
Spherical aberration is increased after myopic LASIK surface ablation and the bigger pupil of night vision. It results in halos around point images.
Pupil size can vary, e.g. between day and night.
Prescription lenses can be more advanced and personalised than ever with an adequately adjusted frame. In this, as worn position, the fitting parameters are linked so the optimised lens design can minimise some lens aberrations that may impact the wearer. Most progressive powered lenses (PPL) have aspheric front curves, sometimes spherical. Basic and older PPL designs have conventional back curves (spherical or toric curves) with aspheric FC. Some older designs have been rejuvenated by having the back surface digitally surfaced.
The most advanced optical labs work with designs based on the wavefront exiting eg on the back surface of a progressive lens (using adaptive optics calculations) involving a pupil map – measuring the size of the pupil according to Rx, age (add), near distance and light conditions with the pupil sizes being plotted across the lens surface.
Spectacle designs can be
1. Back surface spherical (and/or toric).
2. Front Surface Aspheric Standard fare (flatter FC for plus lenses).
3. Back Surface Aspheric Benefits atoric designs where the cylinder is on the back
4. Dual Surface Freeform High-end designs where the additional power can be shared between both surfaces allowing them to create wider channels and reading areas
Whilst the average distance to the computer is 63 cm, 95% of people use it between 38 and 88 cm, so there is a 50 cm variation depending on the user.
Ultra near vision & screen distance personalisation enables more comfortable digital screen use.
• People whose head/body posture is causing them discomfort while using computers and digital devices.
• People whose hobbies and leisure activities require specific correction.
Do you experience back or neck discomfort when spending prolonged time on your digital devices?
How often do you have to lift your chin and down to make things clear when using your computer or digital device?
Varilux Digitime is personalised to ensure your head and neck are comfortable throughout the day.
Minimum fitting height: 18 mm to ensure extra power but 24 mm is needed to get the full benefit.
Varilux Digitime, recommended with Crizal prevencia, enables clear and comfortable visual posture for digital activities by catering for specific gaze directions used in viewing screens compared to paper.
The average distance to a smartphone is 33 cm but can vary compared to the standard reading distance of 40 cm, whereas the average distance to the computer is 63 cm.
Of the Varilux Digitime the Mid design is the most commonly prescribed. However the specific design chosen will be determined on the individuals needs.
Screen distance personalisation has an impact on the minimum depths of field. If the parameter is not measured, the average value (63cm) will be used to calculate the design.
The effective power changes take place over:
Nikon Soltes 19mm Nikon Home & Office 22mm
- Varilux Digitime is more compressed by comaprison over 12mm from near to intermediate / working distance power (for direct comparison with Soltes and Home and Office) and 24 mm including the Ultra near power (+0.50D for the Near and +0.25D for the Mid version +0.12D for the Room version)
- Screen distance
- Mono distance PDs
- Mono height
- Wrap angle
- Pantoscopic angle
- Vertex distance
- Eye rotation centre distance
- Head cape
The newer ‘as worn’ lens designs can be optimised for the position of wear and have newer surfacing techniques including atoric designs.Older PPL designs are still available and can be provided as a budget alternative.
• Varilux Comfort – released 1992; Varilux Comfort NE released 2011; Varilux 3.0 released 2018
• Varilux Physio – released 2006; Physio NE – released 2015; Physio 3.0 released 2018
Recent low cost non varilux lenses include Quadro,Assent and Accord (though there a myriad of digitised and non digitised options) as examples of simple back surface designs and don’t offer customisation.
Digital devices, e.g. smartphones, are changing our visual needs and ranges. The growing use of digital devices is modifying the typical working distances. Today more and more time is spent on digital devices hence the evolution of specific lens designs.
90% of 45-65-year-olds use one digital device daily and accordingly changed their visual/ postural behaviour, creating discomfort,
tired eyes and often associated neck and shoulder pain.
Near vision tasks, especially reading, are becoming even more challenging as characters become smaller and digital devices are being held closer.
Digital technology usage means newer optical standards such as reading distances and eye declination have evolved.
While almost all wearers increasingly use their screens at close distance, conventional single vision lenses are optimized for far vision only. This means when wearers look at close-distance objects through the bottom of their lenses, they experience some optical aberrations.
• Eye-Device distance• Head declination• Eye declination• Head Roll (rotation of the head around an anteroposterior axis were recorded as are important in Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS). CVS has been defined by the American Optometric Association (AOA) as a combination of eye and vision-related problems due to prolonged use of computers. Combining too much screen time and vision issues such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism can strain the eye. Fatigue can set in as the eyes strain to correct for vision issues while focusing on complex digital content (Vision Council 2016)
Varilux digitime near is similar to Type 1 Nikon soltes
Varilux digitime mid is similar to Type 2 Nikon soltes
Varilux Digitime Can be substituted for Soltes but not Nikon H&O. Has other benefits that Nikon do not such as power booster for smartphones.
|Lens Name||Lens Type||Fit Parameters||Height Measurements||Shifts Available||Power At Pupil||Notes|
|EyeZen||Modified Single Vision|| Monocular PD’s heights,|
| Pupil heights,|
Min ht 15mm
|0.40,0.60 or 0.85D over 15mm||Distance Rx||For the relief of symptoms of visual fatigue brought on by long periods of close work specifically on hand-held or portable digital devices. Suitable for all people with accommodation / binocular vision issues|
|Varilux Digitime||Extended Focus||Monocular PD’s height, Full Rx||Pupil height as per Progressive lens. Min ht 18mm with some boost,24mm for entire boost|
Three styles: Near = e.g. computer + mobile phone; Mid = computer + desk; Room = computer + around the office.
Customised to the wearers screen/working distance.EG for Add+2.00,screen distance 50cm.Power will be set for 50+15cm=65cm
Power =2.00-0.46=1.54D at pupil
Ideal for variety of occupational needs from computers to mechanics etc.
|Essilor Interview||Extended Focus||Monocular PD’s height, Near Rx||Top of lower lid approx 6mm below pupil centre)||0.80D (Interview Low) 1.30D (Interview High)|
E.g Add +2.00 with low shift. 2.00-0.80=1.20D at pupil
|Full add 10mm below pupil.Suitable for near to intermediate screen distances. Ideal replacement for SV near.|
Introducing two reference points in far and near vision for the lens calculation means the whole lens surface is optimised for both far and near vision to improve acuity and reduce deviation from the prescription according to object location.
Power error corresponds to a deviation from the prescribed mean sphere value. Power error either generates blur (for a positive power error) or induces accommodation effort (for a negative power error). For example, a level of power error of 0.18 D causes an acuity loss of approximately 0.05 logMAR, which corresponds to a half-line on a logMAR acuity chart (Fauquier et al., 1995).
Unwanted astigmatism corresponds to a deviation from the prescribed cylinder value and/or axis, reducing the sharpness of vision. Fauquier showed a level of unwanted astigmatism of 0.25 D causes an acuity loss of approximately 0.05 logMAR, which again corresponds to a half-line on a logMAR acuity chart.
Maintaining power error under 0.18 D and unwanted astigmatism under 0.25 D guarantees maximum visual acuity.
Effects of astigmatism and high-order aberrations of progressive-power lenses on visual acuity are always the subject of research and development.
The actual power and astigmatism of a lens depend on the gaze direction but also the object distance. Usually, when a lens is designed, it is assumed that all objects are located at infinite. In reality, they are not. That’s why the lens power and astigmatism are incorrect.
Cones of gaze directions are calculated, where power deviation is lower than 0.18 D, and astigmatism deviation is lower than 0.25 D. These threshold values are chosen because beyond them, wearers will suffer an acuity loss equal or greater to one half-line on a logMAR acuity chart.
In comparison, the performance factor of Eyezen Start lenses to standard single vision lenses is 49% larger than standard lenses.
The prescription is considered maintained when the following is true:
• Unwanted astigmatism < 0.25 D or
• Power errors < 0.18 D
A factor of 100% means the prescription is maintained for all gaze directions in the usage zone. Eyezen Start lenses are also the only single vision lenses that consider convergence, which happens when the wearer looks at objects at close distances. Indeed, the vergence angle increases. This is why Eyezen Start lenses are asymmetrical lenses by design.
Lens calculation now considers the gaze direction and the object distance at each point of the lens. This calculation ensures the optical power for the wearer remains unchanged from the prescription values. The wearer benefits from the same wearer power and low unwanted astigmatism in the whole lens.
|Product Features||Standard Single Vision Distance Lens|
Eyezen Start Optimised Single Vision Lens
(Ordered with distance vision prescription checked at the distance checking circle, monocular PDs and fitting heights.
|Near Vision||—||Prescription maintained (no boost), Enhances acuity|
|Lens Type||Spherical/Aspherical||Digitally Optimised|
|Blue Light Protection||Optional||Standard|
|Blue Light Protection Options||Smart Blue Filter and/or Crizal Prevencia||Blue UV Capture or Smart Blue Filter|
|Reducing Visual Fatigue||—||√√|
|Better Comfort and Clarity||—||√√|
|Age Guide||8-40 years||8-40 years|
In the Eyezen Start lens, the mean power and astigmatism at this close vision point will be the same as the mean power and astigmatism at the far vision point, ensuring maximum acuity in far and near vision zones. The Eyezen Start lens is locally modified to provide the right prescription to the wearer according to an object’s location, no matter which part of the lens is accessed.
Eyezen DualOptim technology considers the gaze direction and objects distance at each point of the lens to ensure the purest wearer’s prescription throughout the whole lens. Subjects with optical markers on their helmets and their torsos to record movements. Data is recorded in three different postures: standing, sitting on a couch and lying on a bed, using a smartphone, tablet, and eBook reader. The eye declination with electronic devices (as they are closer) is higher than when interacting with paper.
The Eye-Sun Protection Factor is a ratio between eye exposure with and without the lens. UV light passing through the lens (=Transmission) and UV reflected by the rear lens surface (=Reflection)
Did you know that up to 50% of UV exposure comes from the Reflection from the back surface & sides of lenses? Often damage is cumulative, so by advanced age consumers, medical conditions often include skin cancers, cataracts and pterygia.
Clear lenses with protection factor E-SPF 25 are the highest level of protection available for everyday protection against the cumulative effects of exposure to UV rays. So your eye is 25 times better protected than without a lens.
Reflected UV for lenses generally decreases as incidence angle increases, from an average of 28.6% (range 8.2-54.4%) at 8 deg to 20.0% (range 6.2-35.2%) at 45 deg; by comparison, non-AR lenses (scratch-coat only) reflect about 5%.
Based on reflectance and transmittance results, ESPF can range in theory from 10 to 61. Changes in lens size, curvature, vertex distance, and tilt can change the amount of UV that will reach the eye, either directly or due to reflectance.
Essilor/Nikon suntinted,mirror,Stylistic wrap lenses
E-SPF is an index rating the overall UV protection of a lens. E-SPF was developed by Essilor International and endorsed by third party experts.
The E-SPF index relates to lens performance only and excludes direct eye exposure that depends on external factors (wearer’s morphology, frame shape, position of wear).
They offer the essential level of protection when conditions demand the wearing of tinted sun lenses (strong sunlight, altitude, beach, etc) lenses or Xperio polarizing lenses.
In today’s optical market, 56% of Australian’s require visual correction solutions. Out of those, only 5% use a prescription sun lens.
Regardless of the tint or polarised colour protection of Crizal Sun UV (up to E-SPF 50) is available and the option of a fashionable mirror coating.
“SolarFlair Sun UV” lens treatment, if being used with a tinted or polarised lens (this treatment is not able to be applied to mirror coated lenses – as the lens will come with a generic multi-coat).
Testing Scratch Resistant and AR Lenses
Abrasion resistance is actually a combination of different factors—adhesion, hardness, flexibility and impact resistance and often, test can be misleading.
Bayer Abrasion: The Bayer test is one of the most often cited test methods for abrasion resistance involving abrasion from oscillating alumina-zirconia sand. The ratio of haze gain of the uncoated lens to the coated lens is the Bayer Ratio.
Crizal UV forte, Crizal Saphire and prevention have Bayer grades of 10, Crizal Easy 7 – same hard coating but a different antireflection stack of layers. Poorer coatings may have a rating of 1 or 2
Steel Wool Abrasion: Uses steel wool of known fibre size and quality under a specified weight for a specified number of cycles.
Adhesion: Poor adhesion results in delamination or peeling of the coating. A Cross Hatch test measures adhesion. A crosshatch pattern is cut into the surface of the lens. A piece of tape of a specific grade is then pressed against these lines. The tape is quickly lifted off and repeated three times. The crosshatch is then examined for delamination.
Coating Thickness: Coating thickness is typically measured by a UV/VIS spectrophotometer to reduce the risk of abrasion and delamination.
Printability is measured by subjecting the coated lens to a tinting bath and its effect.
As liquid coatings age, the viscosity and other features may change. This will result in changes to adhesion, abrasion resistance, tintability and coating thickness. Processing variables such as temperature and humidity also impact these features. It is essential to have a clean and controlled process to achieve a coating with optimized optical properties and mechanical performance.
There is no such thing as a scratch-proof coating. Rather scratch resistance is achieved by hard coating in the mould or by spin or dip methods. TD2 is a two-layer dip coating on both sides as opposed to a front side hard coat only.
Spin and dip are methods of applying hard coat varnish – spin being that the lenses are spun, and the varnish is dripped onto them.
Dip coating is a much more intensive and consistent process using two different layers and different curing processes – it gives a much more even hard coat.
TD2 provides the scratch resistance almost that of glass in the airwar material as the flexibility of polycarbonate (Airwear) is very similar to the material used in the construction of the TD2 coating, hence the lens substrate and the coating flex together as the lens heats or cools, or is knocked or bumped.
Any material >1.5 index blocks UV 100% up to 380nm from being transmitted through the lens;
any index >1.6 will block a bit of blue light which is why they are a little yellow compared to 1.5 or polycarbonate
The Crizal UV coating on the back surface of the lens blocks 96% of UV that can reflect from the back surface of a spectacle lens
Prevencia coating blocks 20% of the visible blue-violet light by reflecting it away from the front surface.
Any material >1.5 index blocks UV 100% up to 380nm transmitted through the lens.
The Crizal Prevencia has the same UV properties on the back surface as Crizal UV
On any index, material Transitions blocks 100% of UV even when clear
To block reflected UV from the back surface requires a Crizal UV coating, so the back surface will block 96% of UV that can reflect from the back surface of the lens
The Transitions dyes, when clear, block 20% of the visible blue-violet light by absorption in the lens material, which is why they are a little yellow compared to 1.5 or polycarbonate
In the darkened state, Transitions blocks at least 85% of blue light by absorption in the material
On a 1.5 index lens, the transmission of UV is not blocked by the SBF material.
Any material >1.5 index blocks UV 100% up to 380nm from being transmitted through the lens.
The SBF material blocks 20% of the visible blue-violet light by absorption in the lens material.
It may appear a little grey compared to 1.5 or polycarbonate as it contains a colour corrector.
To block reflected UV from the back surface requires a Crizal UV coating, so the back surface will block 96% of UV that can reflect from the rear surface of the lens.
|CRIZAL BRAND||GLARE||SCRATCH||DUST||WATER||SMUDGE||UV||BLUE LIGHT|
Crizal coatings ^ best in class
Blue light protection ( harmful blue versus beneficial blue)
Beware of excessive heat eg the summer heat on a car dashboard, as the issue is simply down to expansion and contraction of materials. It depends on several factors such as the thickness of lenses, tension, and flexibility of the frame. Bead or air blowers can even quickly destroy a lens coating. Each pair of spectacles will be susceptible to heat, just varying consequences depending on Rx, frame, temperature ranges and speed of temp change, as well as repetitions of high heat change. However, the rule of thumb >55 degrees coatings reform after cooling >70 the coating will likely be genuinely damaged.
Harmful blue light from the sun is more than 100 times more intense than the harmful blue light indoors from electronic devices and modern lighting. Exposure indoors is likely to increase as people convert from incandescent to modern LED lighting, including digital devices such as tablets, mobile phones, and personal computers emitting high energy visible (HEV) Light. HEV blue light, particularly at the 450nm level that digital devices produce, penetrates the retina. Blue Light between 380 and 470nm can cause cumulative damage to the retina, cataracts, and sleep disorders. The hormone melatonin is involved in regulating a wide range of circadian functions, including sleep. The synthesis and release of melatonin from the pineal gland are heavily influenced by light stimulation of the retina.
Computer eyestrain is the main office health-related complaint -computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain, dry eyes, eye irritation, blurred vision, and double vision. The short wavelengths of blue light scatter quickly to produce discomforting glare and reduce contrast. This has significance when using digital devices and also driving in low light conditions and at night. Blue Light, unlike candlelight of yesteryear, stimulates the pituitary and pineal glands which suppresses melatonin production, which is required to fall asleep. Anti-Reflection Coatings tints to reduce blue light, and the lens material itself can influence the amount of blue light transmitted.
Blue wavelengths—which are beneficial during daylight hours because they boost attention, reaction times, and mood —can be most disruptive at night, which can upset your internal clock that aligns with the environment. Crizal Prevencia is the recommended coating as protection as it filters out harmful Blue-Violet light.
If there is a family history of medical conditions or advanced eye diseases such as AMD or other risk factors where transitions lenses are declined, combining SBF (smart blue filter), and Prevencia allows a maximum blue cut in a clear lens that would be worn outdoors by 30
So, clear lenses can also protect your vision by protecting your eyes and the coating, particularly in these cases, to constitute medical benefits. Essilor has developed technologies to protect the eyes against the potential dangers of blue-violet Light by at least 20% of harmful blue-violet light up to 455 nm. Furthermore, some of these technologies can be combined to further reinforce the protection against potentially harmful blue-violet light up to 35%
The essential light (blue turquoise wavelength between 465 and 495 nanometres on the Light spectrum ) contributes to well-being. Research shows that exposure to this light plays an essential role in the regulation of the circadian rhythm (sleep-wake cycle ) by stimulating melanopsin-containing retinal ganglion cells. The blue-violet light between 415 to 455 nanometres on the light spectrum is believed most toxic to retinal cells and for long-term vision issues such as age-related macular degeneration^
^Transmission of light to the aging human retina: possible implications for age-related macular degeneration Experimental Eye Research, 79(6), 753-759, 2004
There are two ways to cut blue-violet light: via the substrate or via a Smart Blue filter coating. Crizal Sapphire UV is not a blue cut coating, but it can be combined with an embedded blue cut filter or Transitions lens technology.
The blue hazard is from 400 – 455nm; it is virtually all from sunlight, there is some question over high output industrial LED lighting, but it is still very small compared to sunlight; and is specific for the at-risk group of patients – those with a direct family history of AMD, smokers; those who are obese or have poor nutrition; people taking photosensitising medications and those who spend their working life outdoors. These people are at risk from the oxidation processes in the outer retina that many researchers have well documented. Crizal Prevencia and SBF both block 20% of the light from 400 – 455nm, which in the lab reduces RPE death by 25%—combining the two increases filtering to 35%, corresponding to cell death in lab experiments.
The sleep/wake cycle – melanopsin is active from 465 – 495nm; blue filters can’t increase the number of these wavelengths arriving at the retina but shouldn’t block them as Gunnar blue-blocking lenses do.
|Protection level example||Blue Cut||No Glare Lens||Harmful Blue Violet-Light Protection||UV Protection|
|Basic Indoor||Transitions 7||Crizal Sapphire||Blocks at least 20% Harmful Blue Light||25 E-SPF|
|Better Indoor||Transitions 7||Crizal Prevencia||Blocks at least 30% Harmful Blue Light||25 E-SPF|
|Premium Indoor||Transitions XTRActive,Vantage||Crizal Prevencia||Blocks at least 45% Harmful Blue Light||25 E-SPF|
|Premium activated protection outside||Transitions 7,Vantage,XActive||Crizal range||Blocks at least 85%-88%||25 E-SPF|
|Outdoor Polarised||Xperio UV Polarised Sun lenses||Blocks at least 92%||50+ E-SPF|
The optometrist vision tests you can expect for complicated or common eye conditions, eye diseases and vision symptoms that occur at different stages of life will serve to reduce your problems that can occur.Glasses or contact lenses may offer special vision protection
Essilor launched in 2013 Crizal Prevencia, in 2016 the smart blue filter and in 2018 widened harmful blue light protection as a specific category in its portfolio of lenses following on from other major cagegory breakthroughs.
Essilor invented the progressive lens category in the 1950’s to correct vision across a visual zone from near to far,beyond the restrictive arm length.
As a world leader in prescription lenses continuous refinements followed.
In 1993 the anti-reflective category of clear and more scratch resistant lenses were developed and all continously improved through R+D.
The blue light hazard and the sleep/wake cycle.
The most popular transparent spectacle lens materials do not entirely block the most plentiful source of UVR – the solar spectrum between 350 and 400nm.
Blue light filters benefit users for screens due to the improvement in contrast. There is a need for a large, well-controlled study encompassing and controlling for more factors for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Anti-reflection coating will ensure visual comfort for screen users. It will cut down on internal reflections and back surface reflections from the spectacle lens and reduce distracting and discomforting glare. The quality of coatings can vary markedly. Blue wavelengths are the shortest in the visible light spectrum and most likely to scatter. Blue light may interfere with the body’s circadian rhythm, so that blue light exposure in the evening may impede the ability to sleep.
E-SPF is a global index developed by Essilor, endorsed by independent third parties, measuring the lens’ UV protection excluding direct eye exposure from around the lens. For example, E-SPF of 25 means the wearer is 25 times more protected than without any lens.
By experiments of splitting the visible light spectrum into 10nm bands and focusing the energy on swine retinal cells ( matches the human eye). It took four years of research to identify that peak cell death occurs at 435nm, with a danger zone of +/- 20 nm.
This means visible light (blue-Violet) from 415nm-455nm blue-violet light caused the most retinal cell death and oxidative stress.
Not all blue light damages the retina. For example, Blue-turquoise light from 465nm-495nm is very beneficial to our sleep/wake cycles and hormone balance.
Blue-violet light has been linked to causing age-related macular degeneration, but other factors determine a patient’s risk, such as age, race, genetics, diet, smoking status and weigh
More research is needed on how much blue light would need to be removed to reduce any symptoms. However, more people are now aware of the need for blue light protection glasses despite their limitations due to the natural abundance of sunlight. Examples of company awareness of the issue are attested by developments such as GE Align, Apple Nightshift, Phillips Hue, Microsoft Night light, Samsung Galaxy Blue light filter and software such as F-lux, which reduces the artificial blue light from the screen.
Essential blue series lenses combine blue light protection and clarity. They provide up to 3 times more protection from harmful blue light than standard clear lenses while still allowing beneficial blue light to pass through. Specific colour neutralizing molecules ensure clarity without any visible residual colour from the absorption of blue Violet light
Not all lens materials have the same UV cut-off point, which is the wavelength at which the material ceases to transmit ultraviolet radiation. However, all lenses should provide 100 per cent protection against UVA and UVB radiation, with a target UV cut-off of at least 380nm.
Like all visible light, blue-turquoise light helps you perceive colours and shapes. In addition, blue-turquoise light helps regulate your regular sleep cycle.
We still need to avoid reflections, so Crizal Sapphire UV ESPF 35 is best-in-class UV protection, approved by Cancer Council and is recommended.
The latest Sapphire optical lens coating comes with an E-SPF rating of 35 and a 25% reduction of those troublesome off centre reflections.
The ‘sapphire colour’ minimal bloom reflects away wavelengths that are the least sensitive for good vision, unlike, e.g. a commonly found green residual bloom on some lens coatings. However, excessive light leads to a world full of reflections for spectacles wearers – Back and front surface reflections, optical diffusion and ghost images.
Call to discuss digital eye strain solutions to alleviate postural and eye strain symptoms.
A study conducted in 2014 by the Ipsos institute on four thousand people in France, the United States, Brazil, and China revealed over one out of two people are bothered by the intense brightness of their screens. Furthermore, it showed that discomfort varies depending on the user’s age, and for younger users, the main discomfort is screen brightness. As a result, health agencies are now interested in risks related to new sources of artificial light. Cool white LEDs, in particular, present an emission peak in the harmful blue-violet band and have a more elevated luminance/brightness than traditional sources. Even though these LEDs are now present in most modern lighting systems and on many screens, especially in computers, tablets, and smartphones.
We are more connected digitally than ever before and more dependent on digital screens. As a result, more people are presenting with digital eye strain symptoms.
The blurring of vision can be caused by many different ailments or eye defects, natural deficiencies, illnesses, and pre-existing medical conditions.
We recognize poor quality lenses and coatings due to poor quality control in manufacture can sometimes be a cause.
Optometrical and medical peak bodies recommend children to those of advanced age seek comprehensive eye care.
Eye problems can occur not only from a vision problem but from a medical condition requiring attention.
No matter the type of vision problem or medical problem, or medical condition, please consult a qualified professional even if you suspect it’s due to natural deficiencies.
Our advice and products go beyond expert tips on how to choose lenses for your eyeglasses to ensure the limitations are not only due to natural deficiencies (e.g. as you find out how your age impacts your vision during your life ) but also to what may constitute medical advice for childhood conditions or advanced age-related conditions.